Battery types for electric vehicles

Battery types for electric vehicles

In recent times, the electric car has become the preferred choice for sustainable mobility.

However, we find different opinions regarding some components of these vehicles that might not be so positive, such is the case of batteries for electric vehicles.

Characteristics of batteries for electric vehicles

When discussing this topic, we can find criticisms to the use of batteries, as it takes away autonomy, but, nowadays, we can see an advance in this aspect of sustainable mobility.

Batteries are responsible for accumulating the energy obtained from electricity. This energy is transferred to the motor and in this way, mobilize the car.

This fundamental part of the electric car has specific characteristics that are interesting to understand in order to better assimilate and adapt the ideal sustainable mobility option for our context.

– Capacity

– Energy Density

– Power

– Life Cycle

It is important to manage these concepts when we modify our mobility for a more sustainable one over time, in order to make sure we get the most out of it.

Battery types for electric vehicles

We can find different batteries with their advantages and disadvantages.

Here is a list of some of them:

  • Nickel-Cadmium batteries (high reliability and cost, low maintenance)
  • Nickel-Metal Hydride batteries (low reliability, high maintenance, not very heat resistant).
  • Lead-acid batteries (heavy, low cost, slow charging capacity).
  • Lithium-Ion batteries (light weight, high energy density, the best type of battery for electric cars).

We reiterate the importance of knowing which battery (and, therefore, which vehicle) is the right one for our particular situation as it will condition our new mobility and the adaptation to it.

At EVECTRA, we cover this need, among many others, when changing the mobility of a company on a massive scale. It is part of our mobility study to investigate the options that best suit each particular case.